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Bichon Frise dog breed profile

Dog groomers often give Bichon Frise pups signature haircuts.

Whether your dog is a purebred Bichon Frise or a Bichon Frise mix, learning about the breed can explain a lot about your pet's personality, habits and overall health. Or maybe you're looking to adopt a Bichon Frise and want to do a bit of research first — we can help with that.

It’s hard to find a happier dog than the little puff of white fur known as the Bichon Frise. With origins as a Spanish and Italian sailing companion and later adopted by the French as a lap dog, these pups are now beloved worldwide — and it’s easy to see why.

“This affable, portable-sized pup is the perfect canine companion for walks, sitting on a park bench or taking road trips,” Dr. Elizabeth Devitt, general practice veterinarian and veterinary consultant for Fetch, says.

What do Bichon Frises look like?

Bichons are a small-statured breed, usually around 9 to 11 inches tall and weigh between 10 and 20 pounds. But what they lack in height and weight, they make up for in fluffy, white fur.

“Their plush coat needs regular upkeep to avoid matted hair,” Dr. Devitt shares. So plan to regularly brush your Bichon’s hair and schedule consistent grooming appointments.

Groomers often like to give these pups a style to fit their sweet personality, with a rounded look at the head and feet and a curly cue tail.

RELATED: Havanese dog breed profile

Bichon Frises’ temperaments

These pups are well-loved for a reason. As companion dogs, they seek the attention of their human family members above all else, and to them, no one’s a stranger.

“It may seem like their life’s mission is to say hello to everyone they meet, which can turn a quick walk into an hours-long outing,” Dr. Devitt explains.

It’s hard to pass up on playtime or walks with a Bichon; they love to release energy with their people. But, keep a close eye on them, Dr. Devitt cautions, as they can quickly dash away if they see someone interesting they would like to meet.

These dogs are family-friendly and make great additions to homes with children who can give them lots of cuddles and interactive play.

Bichons are responsive to training when done consistently and with positivity, but housebreaking a young pup can sometimes require extra patience, especially on cold, rainy days.

What health issues do Bichon Frises face?

Like many small, white-haired dogs, Bichons are prone to skin and ear conditions and often deal with allergies. According to Dr. Devitt, they’re also prone to luxating patellas, bladder infections and eye health issues. Avoid feeding your pup table scraps as they are petite and prone to weight gain.

“They’re good at beseeching food from your plate, so it’s also important to watch their weight and take good care of their dental health,” Dr. Devitt says. 

Bichon Frise for adoption

Are you interested in adopting a Bichon Frise, Bichon mix, or any pet at all? Check out our shelter partners to find your new best friend.

The Dig, Fetch's expert-backed editorial, answers all of the questions you forget to ask your vet or are too embarrassed to ask at the dog park. We help make sure you and your best friend have more good days, but we’re there on bad days, too.

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